In der Mythologie des klassischen Griechenlands erscheint Orion als ein heldenhaft starker und geschickter Jäger. Sein Vater war Poseidon, der Gott des . In der griechischen Mythologie ist Orion eine der schillerndsten Figuren. Als riesiger und starker Jäger lebte er in Böotien und. Orion [oˈʀiːɔn] (griechisch Ὠρίων) ist ein riesenhafter, unter die Sterne versetzter Jäger der griechischen Mythologie. Als riesiger und starker Jäger lebte er in.
In The Greek Myths , Robert Graves views Oenopion as his perennial Year-King , at the stage where the king pretends to die at the end of his term and appoints a substitute, in this case Orion, who actually dies in his place.
His blindness is iconotropy from a picture of Odysseus blinding the Cyclops , mixed with a purely Hellenic solar legend: Graves sees the rest of the myth as a syncretism of diverse stories.
These include Gilgamesh and the Scorpion-Men, Set becoming a scorpion to kill Horus and the story of Aqhat and Yatpan from Ras Shamra , as well as a conjectural story of how the priestesses of Artemis Opis killed a visitor to their island of Ortygia.
The ancient Greek and Roman sources which tell more about Orion than his being a gigantic huntsman are mostly both dry and obscure, but poets do write of him: The brief passages in Aratus and Virgil are mentioned above.
Pindar celebrates the pancratist Melissus of Thebes "who was not granted the build of an Orion", but whose strength was still great. There is also a single mention of Orion in his Art of Love , as a sufferer from unrequited love: References since antiquity are fairly rare.
This featured Orion with Cedalion on his shoulder, in a depiction of the ancient legend of Orion recovering his sight; the sculpture is now displayed at the Louvre.
In Endymion , John Keats includes the line "Or blind Orion hungry for the morn" , thought to be inspired by Poussin.
Science fiction author Ben Bova re-invented Orion as a time-traveling servant of various gods in a series of five novels.
Diana shoots Orion only after being tricked by Apollo into thinking him a sea monster—she then laments his death and searches for Orion in the underworld until he is elevated to the heavens.
Orion, sung by a castrato , is in love with Candiope, the daughter of Oenopion, King of Arcadia but his arrogance has offended Diana.
He bids a touching farewell to Candiope and marches off to his destiny. Diana allows him his victory and then kills him, offstage, with her arrow.
In another aria, his mother Retrea Queen of Thebes , laments his death but ultimately sees his elevation to the heavens.
Marion Perret argues that Orion is a silent link in T. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Arion.
For other uses, see Orion disambiguation. Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns, and Homerica by Hesiod at Project Gutenberg Whether these works are actually by Hesiod and Eratosthenes themselves is doubtful; pseudo-Eratosthenes does not specify the work of Hesiod he is summarizing, but the modern assumption that it is the same work which other authors call the Astronomy is not particularly controversial.
It is certainly neither the Theogony nor the Works and Days. The constellation is called Scorpius in astronomy; colloquially, Scorpio , like the related astrological sign — both are Latin forms of the Greek word.
Cicero used Nepa, the older Latin word for "scorpion. Under "Apollodorus of Athens 6 " it describes the Bibliotheca as an uncritical forgery some centuries later than Apollodorus; it distinguishes "Hyginus 4 ", the author of the Fabulae and Astronomy , from "Hyginus 1 ", C.
A bull would be an appropriate sacrifice to male gods. The Latin translations by Hyginus are ambiguous. Ejaculation of semen is the more obvious interpretation here, and Kerenyi assumes it; but John Peter Oleson argued, in the note to p.
Spring, , pp. Euforion de Calcis; Fragmentos y Epigramas in Spanish. This book has come down to us with the name of Apollodorus of Athens , but this is almost certainly wrong.
Pherecydes from Fontenrose, Orion , p. Modern scholarship holds that these are not the original work of Hyginus either, but latter condensations: Robert Graves divides The Greek Myths into his own retelling of the myths and his explanations; in retelling Hyginus, Graves adds that Apollo challenged Artemis to hit "that rascal Candaon "; this is for narrative smoothness.
It is not in his source. Whatever his interpretations, he is usually scrupulous about citing his sources, which he copies with "stenographic accuracy".
Here, however, he says merely commemorantur , adderunt , which have the implied subject "ancient writers". Cites Scholia in Aratum Vetera ed.
Martin, Stuttgart, ; sch. Artemis is called Opis in Callimachus Hymn 3. Paola Dolcetti ; frag. She quotes the complete scholion to Euripedes, Alcestis 1 ; the statement of Telesarchus may or may not be cited from Pherecydes.
Cook interprets all the mentions of Orion being healed by the Sun in this sense. Zeus I, note 3. Fontenrose sees a combination of two stories: In The Works of Lucian of Samosata , pp.
It is so late that it uses caballus for "horse". He may be the Roman author of this name once mentioned by Servius, he may be a 9th-century Campagnian, or Boccaccio may have made him up.
Archived from the original PDF on American Journal of Archaeology. Archaeological Institute of America. Berliner Klassikertexte, Heft V".
Sicily, the New Winter Resort: An Encyclopaedia of Sicily , p. The Journal of Hellenic Studies. The Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies.
Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. The Esquiline depiction is in the footnote on p. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities , edition, p.
As the rising and setting of the constellation of Orion was believed to be accompanied by storms and rain, he is often called imbrifer, nimbosus, or aquosus.
His tomb was shown at Tanagra. Lattimore Greek epic C8th B. Shewring Greek epic C8th B. So it was when Eos Dawn of the rosy-fingers chose out Orion; you gods who live in such ease yourselves were jealous of her until chaste Artemis in her cloth-of-gold visited him with her gentle shafts and slew him in Ortygia.
The giants Otos and Ephialtes were known as the Aloadai. When he was come to Khios Chios , he outraged Merope, the daughter of Oinopion Oenopion , being drunken; but Oinopion when he learned of it was greatly vexed at the outrage and blinded him and cast him out of the country.
Then he came to Lemnos as a beggar and there met Hephaistos who took pity on him and gave him Kedalion Cedalion his own servant to guide him.
So Orion took Kedalion upon his shoulders and used to carry him about while he pointed out the roads. Then he came to the east and appears to have met Helios the Sun and to have been healed, and so returned back again to Oinopion to punish him; but Oinopion was hidden away by his people underground.
Being disappointed, then, in his search for the king, Orion went away to Krete and spent his time hunting in company with Artemis and Leto.
It seems that he threatened to kill every beast there was on earth; whereupon, in her anger, Ge Gaea, the Earth sent up against him a Scorpion of very great size by which he was stung and so perished.
After this Zeus, at the prayer of Artemis and Leto, put him among the stars, because of his manliness, and the Scorpion also as a memorial of him and of what had occurred.
Hesiod, Astronomy Fragment 5 from Diodorus 4. But Hesiod, the poet, says just the opposite: When he had finished this, he went away to Euboia Euboea and settled there, and because of his renown was taken into the number of the stars in heaven, and won undying remembrance.
Hesiod, Works and Days ff: But if desire for uncomfortable sea-faring seize you; when the Pleiades plunge into the misty sea [i.
Pindar, Nemean Ode 2. Conway Greek lyric C5th B. Corinna, Fragment trans. Aesop, Fables from Babruis trans.
Gibbs Greek fable C6th B. Aldrich Greek mythographer C2nd A. From Poseidon he was given the power of walking across the sea.
Oinopion, however, got him drunk, and, as he slept, blinded him and tossed him out on the beach. He made his way to the bronze workshop of Hephaistos Hephaestus , where he seized a boy [Kedalion Cedalion ], set him on his shoulders, and ordered him to guide him toward the east.
Once there, he looked up and was completely healed by the rays of Helios the Sun. Immediately he started back to confront Oinopion. But Poseidon had provided Oinopion with a house beneath the earth, built by Hephaistos.
Meanwhile, Eos the Dawn , whom Aphrodite taunted with constant passion as punishment for sleeping with Ares, fell in love with Orion and took him off with her to Delos.
There he was killed, according to some, for challenging Artemis to a discus match. Others say that Artemis shot him as he was forcing his attention on Oupis Opis , a virgin who had come from the Hyperboreans.
Callimachus, Hymn 3 to Artemis ff trans. Mair Greek poet C3rd B. Aratus, Phaenomena ff trans. Mair Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.
Thy pardon, Artemis, we crave! There is a tale told by the men of old, who said that stout Orion laid hands upon her robe, what time in Khios Chios he was smiting with his strong club all manner of beasts, as a service of the hunt to that King Oinopion Oenopion.
But she forthwith rent in twain the surrounding hills of the island and roused up against him another kind of beast--even the Scorpion, who proving mightier wounded him, mighty though he was, and slew him, for that he had vexed Artemis.
Wherefore, too, men say that at the rising of the Scorpion in the East Orion flees at the Western verge. Parthenius, Love Romances 20 trans.
Gaselee Greek poet C1st B. Orion, the son of Hyrieos Hyrieus , fell in love with her, and asked her father for her hand; for her sake he rendered the island where they lived habitable--it was formerly full of wild beasts--, and he also gathered together much booty from the folk who lived there and brought it as a bridal-gift for her.
Then Orion, maddened by strong drink, broke in the doors of the chamber where the girl was lying asleep, and as he was offering violence to her Oinopion attacked him and put out his eyes with a burning brand.
Jones Greek geographer C1st B. It is also thought that Orion was so named because he was reared there. Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4.
Oldfather Greek historian C1st B. Orion, far surpassing in size and strength of body all the heroes of whom we have record, was a lover of the chase and the builder of mighty works by reason of his great strength and love of glory.
In Sikelia Sicily , for instance, for Zanklos Zanclus , who was king at that time of the city. Zankle Zancle , but now Messene, he built certain works and mong them he formed the harbour by throwing up a mole and made the Akte Promontory , as it is called.
Some say that great earthquakes occurred, which broke through the neck of land and formed the straits [of Messina between Sicily and Italy], the sea parting the mainland from the island.
But Hesiodos Hesiod , the poet, says just the opposite: Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 25 trans. Celoria Greek mythographer C2nd A. After Artemis had taken him away from the sight of mankind, they were brought up by their mother [and were later transformed into comets by Persephone].
This article is about the mythological horse. For other uses, see Arion disambiguation. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Fall of Troy, Book 4. Retrieved from " https:Cites Scholia in Aratum Vetera ed. The No deposit bonus codes titan casino depiction is in the footnote on p. Robert Graves divides The Greek Myths into his own retelling of the myths and his explanations; in retelling Hyginus, Graves adds that Apollo challenged Artemis to hit "that rascal Candaon "; this is for narrative smoothness. Thames and Hudson A Handbook of Greek Online casino dealer maltapp. Spring,ghostintheshell. Autumn,pp. Under "Apollodorus of Athens 6 " it describes the Bibliotheca as an uncritical forgery some centuries later than Apollodorus; it distinguishes "Hyginus 4 ", the author of the Fabulae and Astronomyfrom "Hyginus 1 ", C. He was a hunter with an immense body, who on numerous occasions undertook tasks tv frog deutschland King Oenopion. Zeus Holland wetter 14 tage, note tv engers. He had the ability of running over the waves as if on land, just as it is said that Iphiclus could run over standing grain and not bruise it. The section about Orion is Vol XI, p. His tomb was shown at Tanagra.